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Piezoelectric materials are materials that have the ability to generate internal electrical charge from applied mechanical stress.​ The term ​piezo​ is Greek for “push.”

Indian scientists discover materials that self-repair mechanical damages.


• Devices that we use daily often break down due to mechanical damage, forcing us either to repair or replace them.

• This decreases the life of the equipment and increases maintenance costs. In many cases, like in space crafts, human intervention for restoration is not possible.

Piezoelectric crystals:-

• Keeping such necessities in mind, researchers from the Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER) Kolkata, teaming up with IIT Kharagpur, have developed piezoelectric molecular crystals that repair themselves from mechanical damages without need for any external intervention.

• Piezoelectric crystals are a class of materials that generate electricity when it undergoes a mechanical impact.

Bipyrazole organic crystals :-

• The piezoelectric molecules developed by the scientists called bipyrazole organic crystals recombine following mechanical fracture without any external intervention, autonomously self-healing in milliseconds with crystallographic precision.

• In these molecular solids, due to the unique property of generating electrical charges on mechanical impact, the broken pieces acquire electrical charges at the crack junction, leading to attraction by damaged parts and precise autonomous repair.

Several naturally occurring substances in nature demonstrate the piezoelectric effect. These include:

  • Bone
  • Crystals
  • Certain ceramics
  • DNA
  • Enamel
  • Silk
  • Dentin, and many more.

Materials that exhibit the piezoelectric effect also demonstrate the inverse piezoelectric effect (also called the reverse or converse piezoelectric effect). The ​inverse piezoelectric effect​ is the internal generation of mechanical strain in response to an applied electrical field.