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Indian Polity

Indian Political System – General Political Scenario/Broad Political Issue

  1. · Discuss economic backwardness as a major challenge of Indian democracy. Can democracy and development go together smoothly? (30 Marks)
  2. · What is the “Strategic Partnership” between India & United States of America? What are its implications for both the partners? (30 Marks)
  3. · What are the main determinants of voting behavior in India? (30 Marks)
  4. · Discuss the major obstacles in the smooth functioning of Parliamentary democracy in India. (30 Marks).
  5. · Bring out the aberrations in the Parliamentary system of government in India. (30 Marks).
  6. · Examine the demand for greater state autonomy & also its impact on the smooth functioning of the Indian Polity. (30 Marks).
  7. · Examine the major extra constitutional factors influencing the working of federal polity in India (15 Marks).

Constitution of India & Its Amendments – Broad Constitutional Question

  1. · What is a constitution? What are the main sources of the Indian Constitution? (30 Marks)
  2. · What is the significance of Preamble of the Indian Constitution? Bring out the philosophy of the Indian Constitution as enshrined in the Preamble of the Indian Constitution. (30 Marks).
  3. · How does the constitution of India provide equal rights? (30 Marks)
  4. · Discuss the constitutional provisions regarding rights of Children. (15 Marks).
  5. · Discuss the significance of 44 th Amendment of the Constitution of India. (15 Marks).
  6. · Why does the constitution of India provide different forms of Oaths for the President, the Ministers,the     Legislators & the Members of Judiciary? Discuss their significance. (30 Marks).
  7. · How is the Constitution of India amended? Do you think the procedure to amendment makes the constitution a plaything in the hands of the Centre? (30 Marks).
  8. · Discuss the constitutional provisions relating to the non justiciable directives binding upon the states. (15 Marks).
  9. · Examine the need for the review of the Indian Constitution (30 Marks).
  10. · What constitutes the doctrine of “Basic features” as introduced into the constitution by the Judiciary. (30 Marks).

Fundamental Rights & Duties

  1. · What is the right of life & personal liberty? How have the courts expanded its meaning in recent years? (30 Marks).
  2. · Give you views on the right to freedom of religion as enshrined in the Indian Constituion. Do they make India a secular state? (30 Marks).
  3. · What are the constitutional limitations on the free movement of Indians throughout the country? (15 Marks).
  4. · How does the constitution of India provide equal rights? (30 Marks)
  5. · Identify the major fundamental duties.

Directive Principles

  1. · Bring out the fundamental differences between the Fundamental Rights & the Directive Principles of State Policy.    Discuss some of the measures taken by the Union & State Governments for the implementation of Directive Principles of State Policy. (30 Marks)
  2. · What is the constitutional position of Directive Principles of State Polity? How has it been interpreted by the Judiciary after the emergency of 1975-77? (30 Marks).

President – Vice President

  1. · What are the exceptions when the President of India is not bound by the aid & advice of Council of Ministers? (15 Marks).
  2. · Discuss the question of death sentence & Presidential Clemency. (30 Marks).
  3. · Comment on the nature of Ordinance Making power of the President of India. What safeguards are there against possible misuse? (15 Marks).


  1. · What is pro term speaker? (15 Marks).

Parliament – Lok Sabha & Rajya Sabha

  1. · On What grounds can a member be disqualified from either House of the Parliament? (30 Marks).
  2. · How would you differentiate between the passage of a Constitution Amendment Bill and an Ordinary Legislative Bill? (15 Marks).
  3. · Under what circumstances can parliament legislate on State Subjects? (15 Marks)
  4. · Define Money-Bill. Discuss how it is passed in the Parliament. (15 Marks).
  5. · Discuss Parliamentary control over the Executive. (30 Marks).
  6. · Explain the relevance of Rajya Sabha as a second chamber in the federal setup of Indian Parliamentary System. (15 Marks).
  7. · The issue of hung parliament adversely affects the stability of the Indian Government. Discuss the statement and point out how far changing to the Presidential form of government will be a solution to this problem. (30 Marks)
  8. · What are the main differences between the passage of a constitutional amendment bill & other legislatve bills? (30 Marks).
  9. · Distinguish between Cabinet Secretariat & Prime Ministers Secretariat. Which of these is more important? (15 Marks).
  10. · How does Parliament control the Union Executive? How effective is this control? (30 Marks –Repeat).

Parliamentary Committees:

  1. · Explain the role of Public Accounts Committee. (15 Marks)
  2. · Examine the role of the Estimates Committee (15 Marks).


  1. · Explain the discretionary powers of Governor of a State. (30 Marks).

State Legislature

  1. · Examine the major extra constitutional factors influencing the working of federal polity in India (15 Marks).

Local Governance – Panchayati Raj & Muncipalities

  1. · Would you say that the implementation of the Panchayati System in the last 10 years has lead to real restructuring of Indian polity? (30 Marks).
  2. · Discuss how the State government can exercise control over panchayats (15 Marks).
  • Centre-State Relations
  1. · Comment on the financial relations between the Union & the States in India. Has post 1991 liberalization in any way affected it? (30 Marks).
  2. · Discuss the administrative relations between the centre & the states in the light of recent controversies. (30 Marks).

Quasi-Judical/Extra Constitutional/Statutory Bodies

  1. · How does the Inter-State Council establish co-ordination between states? (15 Marks)
  2. · What are the steps that the Election Commission may take if a recalcitrant State Government wants to put off Assembly Elections? (15 Marks).
  3. · What is a Finance Commission? Discuss the main functions of the State Finance Commission. (15 Marks)


  1. · Identify the major electoral reforms which are necessary in the Indian Political System
  2. · Describe the methods of delimiting constituencies for parliamentary elections in India (15 Marks –Important for this year).


  1. · Is the High Courts power to issue writs wider than that of Supreme Court of India? (15 Marks)
  2. · Is it possible to distinguish between Judicial review & Judicial Activism in India? Does the recent behaviour of   the Indian Judiciary partake more of judicial activism? Argue with suitable examples.
  3. · What is the position of Supreme Court under the Constitution of India? How far does it play a role as the Guardian of the Constitution. (30 Marks).

Emergency Provisions

  1. What is the meaning of “Breakdown of Constitutional Machinery”. What are its effects? (30 Marks).


  1. · How has the Indian State tackled the tradeoff between Environment & development? (15 Marks).

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